Definition of contra asset account in Accounting

type of contra

Key examples of contra accounts include accumulated deprecation and allowance for doubtful accounts. Whenever the balance of a CA account increases , the increased amount is written off as an expense and is reported in the company’s income statement. They can present more information about the assets and liabilities of the company.

discount on notes

Contra equity accounts carry a debit balance reduce equity accounts. Contra revenue accounts reduce revenue accounts and have a debit balance. Contra asset accounts include allowance for doubtful accounts and accumulated depreciation.

What Cash Receipts Are Not Revenue?

If the related account has a debit as the natural balance, then the contra account will record a credit. You don’t have to, yet even a small business will benefit by using the contra asset account for accounts receivable. This eliminates the need to write off large accounts receivable balances at year end since they’ve already been accounted for. Writing off your obsolete inventory in this manner allows you to expense the cost of the obsolete inventory while also decreasing your current inventory balance using the contra asset account. The accumulated depreciation account is perhaps the most common contra asset account used by business owners. Far less common is the obsolete inventory reserve, which reduces the overall inventory value on the balance sheet.

Is contra account an expense?

A contra expense account is a general ledger expense account that will intentionally have a credit balance (instead of the debit balance that is typical for an expense account). In other words, this account's credit balance is contrary to (or opposite of) the usual debit balance for an expense account.

Net receivables are the money owed to a by its customers minus the money owed that will likely never be paid, often expressed as a percentage.

What is Contra Account?

The allowance method of accounting enables a company to determine the amount reasonable to be recorded in the contra account. Contra asset accounts can be used in a variety of areas, but there are three contra asset examples that you should pay close attention to. By the end of the first-year machinery, the balance will be $100,000, and accumulated depreciation will show $20,000. By the end of 2nd-year, the machinery balance will still be $100,000, and accumulated depreciation will show $40,000. The netbook value of the machinery by the end of the first year will be $80,000 ($100,000-$20,000) and $60,000 ($100,000-$40,000) by the end of the second year. This method helps a third person identify what the book value was at the time of purchase and the remaining value of an asset.


In other words, contra accounts are used to reduce normal accounts on the balance sheet. Contra EquityA contra equity account has a debit balance instead of a credit. A contra account is an entry on the general ledger with a balance contrary to the normal balance for that categorization (i.e. asset, liability, or equity). Also, with IFRS asking to report it in a particular way, the accountants must be updated with recent changes to how the contra assets account should appear in the books of accounts. A contra asset is a negative account used in double-entry accounting to reduce the balance of a paired asset account in the general ledger.